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Role of DegQ in differential stability of flagellin subunits in Vibrio vulnificus

  • 발행기관 NATURE PORTFOLIO
  • 발행년도 2021
  • 총서유형 Journal
  • 본문언어 영어

초록/요약 도움말

Biofilm formation of Vibrio vulnificus is initiated by adherence of flagellated cells to surfaces, and then flagellum-driven motility is not necessary during biofilm maturation. Once matured biofilms are constructed, cells become flagellated and swim to disperse from biofilms. As a consequence, timely regulations of the flagellar components' expression are crucial to complete a biofilm life-cycle. In this study, we demonstrated that flagellins' production is regulated in a biofilm stage-specific manner, via activities of a protease DegQ and a chaperone FlaJ. Among four flagellin subunits for V. vulnificus filament, FlaC had the highest affinities to hook-associated proteins, and is critical for maturating flagellum, showed the least susceptibility to DegQ due to the presence of methionine residues in its DegQ-sensitive domains, ND1 and CD0. Therefore, differential regulation by DegQ and FlaJ controls the cytoplasmic stability of flagellins, which further determines the motility-dependent, stage-specific development of biofilms.

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