검색 상세

A measurable physical theory of hyper-correlations beyond quantum mechanics

초록/요약 도움말

A unique characteristic of quantum mechanics is entanglement describing correlations between particles irrespective of their locations. This property, called non-locality, has no classical analogue. Over the past few years, quantum physicists have reached a consensus that we lack a physical theory to account for a class of states whose non-local character exceeds the bounds allowed by quantum mechanics. Motivated by our observation that an extension of the Schrodinger equation with non-linear terms is directly linked to a relaxation of Born's rule, an axiom of quantum mechanics, we derive a physical theory that accounts for such hyper-correlated states and modifies Born's rule. We model correlated particles with a generalized probability theory whose dynamics are described with a non-linear version of Schrodinger's equation and demonstrate how that deviates from the standard formulation of quantum mechanics in experimental probability-prediction. We show also that the violation of the Clauser-Horn-Shimony-Holt inequality, the amount of non-locality, is proportional to the degree of non-linearity, which can be experimentally tested.

more