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Religious Nationalism and Sino-India Relations : the Second Image Analysis of India’s Hedging Policy towards China

주인애 (Sogang Graduate School of International Studies)

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Under Prime Minister Narendra Modi, India has pursued a hedging policy against China by seeking much closer alignment with the United States and at the same time maintaining stable bilateral diplomatic relations with China. Such policy behavior of Modi government is considered deviant from the past ...
Under Prime Minister Narendra Modi, India has pursued a hedging policy against China by seeking much closer alignment with the United States and at the same time maintaining stable bilateral diplomatic relations with China. Such policy behavior of Modi government is considered deviant from the past foreign policy decisions conducted by the previous Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh. This comparative case analysis provides the comparison between policy decisions of Manmohan Singh and that of Narendra Modi in terms of its great power relations. This paper argues that one of the key determinants to India’s hedging against China is the political ideology of the ruling party. The underpinning ideology of Hindu nationalism led the policy decision makers to depart from previous Nehruvian principle and to react more sensitively to the security challenges. In the contemporary era of right-wing populism, the analysis of India’s hedging strategy yields a significant implication considering India is in the center of geopolitical strategic importance with the rise of new strategic realm called Indo-pacific.